Who discovered quantum mechanics?
Unlike other physical theories, quantum mechanics was not the invention of one or two scientists. Those who took part in its discovery are collectively called the founding fathers
. Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, Born, Jordan, Pauli, Fermi, Schrodinger, Dirac, de Broglie and Bose
all made notable contributions. During the first part of the 20th century, physicists were faced with a range of extraordinary physical phenomena, showing the effects of quantum mechanics. They wondered whether the universe could really be as strange a place as their laboratory experiments appeared to show. Bit by bit they pieced together the results of their experiments and found rules obeyed by matter. In 1936 Birkhoff and Von Neumann collated the rules together into the accepted axioms of quantum mechanics.
Birkhoff and Von Neumann showed that the axioms of quantum mechanics provide a consistent framework in which it is once again possible to predict the results of an experiment, at least statistically. But, although these laws are mathematically consistent, most scientists agree that they are counter intuitive, and do not have any satisfactory known physical interpretation.
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